ORANGE & ORANGE JUICE   CITRUSBR
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Products and By-Products


It is important for the orange processing industry to get the maximum amount of products from the fruit while maintaining their high quality.

 

Primary Products

 

Fresh fruit

After picked, the fruits go through inspection stages, washing, waxing and packing. The cleanser used during washing may include fungicides, therefore the fruits are not sent to juice processing, since the fungicides could find their way into the juice, leaving undesirable residues.

 

Orange juice, which can be divided into two categories:

 

FCOJ - Frozen Concentrate Orange Juice, can be transported at lower costs and stored for longer periods in frozen drums.

NFC - Not-From-Concentrate Juice - This is the juice that doesn't undergo the concentration process, produced for local markets and exported as well.

 

 

Secondary Products

 

Comminuted Citrus Base

Originally developed in the United Kingdom, it is a product made by milling the whole fruit or by mixing the milled peel with juice concentrate. It is used as an ingredient for fruit drinks, since it has a strong flavor.

 

Pulp or Orange Cells

Ruptured juice sacs and segment walls recovered after the extraction process. Can be added back to the juice to provide mouthfeel and a natural appearance to the product.

 

Pulp wash

Also known as WESOS - Water-Extracted Soluble Orange Solids; the juice obtained after the pulp is washed, containing fruit solids. May be used in fruit drinks as a source of secondary soluble solids and fruit solids. It is also used as a clouding agent to provide body and mouthfeel to fruit drinks.

 

Peel Oil or Cold-Pressed Oil

Essential oil extracted from the orange peel. It is usually sold to the flavor industry, which produce flavors largely used in food, drinks, cosmetics and chemical products.

 

Essences

The essences comprise volatile components recovered from the evaporation process, separated in aqueous and oil phases. The water-soluble components are sometimes added-back to the concentrate juice, and the oil phase is different from the peel oil, containing more of the fruit flavor; it is also added back to the concentrate. Both phases are raw material for food and beverage industries.

 

D-Limonene

The main component of the peel oil. It is a thin and transparent oil obtained from the manufacturing of citrus pulp pellets, used in the biodegradable solvents and cleaning products and in the manufacturing of synthetic resins and adhesives.

 

Citrus Pulp Pellets

This product results from processing the juice and is made from wet waste products of the fruit: peel, bagasse, non-reutilized pulp, and seeds. These waste products go through a drying process and form a concentrated forage that is transformed into pellets, serving as preparation to cattle ration.

 

Pectin

A less common product, obtained from orange peel and used as thickener in jellies, marmalades and gelatins.

 

Alcohol

The pressing of orange waste produces a liquid whose fermentation results in alcohol.