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New Research Finds Drinking 100 Percent Orange Juice is Linked to Better Overall Diets and a Lower Risk of Being Overweight Among Adults

PR Newswire - 04/11/2011

By PR Newswire

BARTOW, Fla., April 11, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Orange juice may do more for your diet and overall health than you may think, according to seven new studies presented this week at Experimental Biology (EB) 2011.

A new study suggests that adults who drink 100 percent orange juice tend to have better overall diet quality,
higher intake of key nutrients and less risk of being overweight than adults who don't drink orange juice. (1) 
Additionally, the research suggests that children who drink 100 percent orange juice also have better overall
diet quality and higher intake of key nutrients.

As part of the study, researchers analyzed data from the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination
Survey (NHANES) and found that both adults and children who consume 100 percent orange juice tend to have
significantly better Healthy Eating Index scores (a measure of diet quality that assesses conformance to federal
dietary guidance) as well as greater intake of several key nutrients, including vitamin C, vitamin B6, folate,
magnesium and potassium than those who don't consume 100 percent orange juice.
 
"A growing body of research has painted a clear picture that enhanced nutrient intake and better diet quality is
associated with drinking 100 percent orange juice in both adults and children," said study co-author Carol E.
O'Neil, PhD, MPH, LDN, RD, School of Human Ecology,  Louisiana State University  Agricultural Center. "Our
research helps to demonstrate that drinking 100 percent orange juice is associated with higher intake of four
important nutrients, vitamin C, folate, magnesium and potassium, which are generally underconsumed by the U.S.
population." (2)
 
One Hundred Percent Orange Juice Consumption also Linked to Lower Body Mass Index (BMI)
 
The study also found that consumption of 100 percent orange juice was associated with a 16 percent reduction in
the risk of adults being overweight or obese. The results were even more striking among females, where orange
juice consumption was associated with a 27 percent reduction in the risk of being overweight or obese.

Furthermore, this study suggests that people ages two and older who drink 100 percent orange juice tend to have
better diet quality, as well as BMIs that are comparable to or lower than those who don't drink orange juice.
Notably, the researchers found no significant difference in the risk of being overweight or obese among children
who consume 100 percent orange juice compared to those who don't.
 
"These findings are consistent with the  Dietary Guidelines for Americans,  2010, which conclude that 'for most
children and adolescents, intake of 100 percent fruit juice is not associated with body weight,'" (2) said  Gail
Rampersaud, MS, RD, LDN,Assistant in Nutrition Research and Education,  University of Florida. "It's encouraging
that the overall body of research provides evidence to help refute a common misperception that may be preventing
people from enjoying all of the taste, nutritional and health benefits that 100 percent orange juice offers." 

More Evidence for the Benefits of Drinking 100 Percent Orange Juice

Six additional studies presented at EB 2011 further support the role of 100 percent orange juice in a healthy
diet:
 
* One study of NHANES data suggests that people (ages four and older) who consume 100 percent orange juice tend
to have significantly higher daily intakes of several important nutrients including magnesium, iron, calcium,
folate, thiamin, vitamin B6, carotenoids, vitamin C and vitamin D as compared to people who don't drink 100
percent orange juice.  Further, the study suggests that removing orange juice from the list of items consumed
tended to negate these relationships. (3)
* Results of a third NHANES study suggest that adults who consume 100 percent orange juice also tend to have
significantly lower BMI, waist circumferences and body fat percentages as compared to those who don't drink
orange juice. (4)
* A research review concluded that intake of 100 percent citrus juices, such as orange and grapefruit, may be
associated with a significantly reduced risk of digestive and respiratory cancers, as well as significant
improvements in blood pressure and bone health. (5)
* Results of a NHANES study of children's and adolescents' beverage choices suggest that children who consume 100
percent juice are more likely to consume diets that comply with MyPyramid recommendations for limiting added
sugars than those who consume soft drinks and flavored milk. (6)
* A study of calcium and vitamin D supplementation in overweight and obese adults found that those who drank
three 8-ounce servings of calcium- and vitamin D-fortified orange juice daily tended to be more likely to
experience a significant reduction in visceral fat, the fat surrounding abdominal organs. (7)
* A clinical study with men that included four weeks of daily consumption of about 2 cups of 100 percent orange
juice, reported beneficial results on cardiovascular factors, including reduced diastolic blood pressure and
improved vascular function. Supporting research suggests that orange juice and hesperidin, the major flavonoid in
orange juice, may directly affect genes associated with biological functions that help support cardiovascular
health. In addition, adding this amount of orange juice to their daily diet had no negative impact on the men's
body weight. (8)
 
Relation to  Dietary Guidelines for Americans,  2010

According to the  Dietary Guidelines for Americans,  2010, the "total diet" should consist of nutrient-dense
foods that provide essential nutrients and health benefits.  
 
"People can feel good about enjoying 100 percent orange juice daily because it fits many of the key
recommendations outlined in the Dietary Guidelines," said Rampersaud. "For example, one serving of 100 percent
orange juice is more nutrient-dense than many commonly-consumed 100 percent fruit juices, and it's a good source
of potassium and folate as well as an excellent source of vitamin C, three nutrients that are underconsumed in 
the United States." (2,9)

 

Editor's Note:    Abstract #A302 783.3 was supported by the Florida Department of Citrus and U.S. Department of
Agriculture (USDA). Throughout the study, the researchers maintained independent control over the analysis.
Abstracts #28.5 and #28.6 were supported by PepsiCo, #302 604.1 was supported by the Juice Products Association,
#28.1 was supported by the Agricultural Research Service, USDA and #223.5 was supported by the Coca-Cola Company.
 
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is an ongoing series of surveys, implemented by the
Centers for Disease Control, that are designed to assess the health and nutritional status of children and adults
in  the United States. The NHANES surveys are conducted and analyzed in a way to be representative of the U.S.
population. The analysis presented at Experimental Biology 2011 utilized 2003-2006 data from more than 6,000
children and more than 8,000 adults.

About the Florida Department of Citrus

The Florida Department of Citrus is an executive agency of  Florida  government charged with the marketing,
research and regulation of the  Florida  citrus industry. Its activities are funded by a tax paid by growers on
each box of citrus that moves through commercial channels. The industry employs nearly 76,000 people, provides an
annual economic impact close to  $9 billion  to the state, and contributes hundreds of millions of dollars in tax
revenues that help support  Florida's schools, roads and health care services. For more information about the
Florida Department of Citrus, please visit  www.floridajuice.com

The Florida Department of Citrus is an Equal Opportunity Employer and Agency. The Florida Department of Citrus
prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities based on race, color, national origin, gender,
religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital and family status. (Not all
prohibited bases apply to all programs.)  
 
For more information contact:
Katherine Riemer
GolinHarris 
312-729-4283
kriemer@golinharris.com

(1) Fulgoni V, Rampersaud GC, O'Neil CE, Nicklas TA, (2011).  Orange juice consumption is associated with better
diet quality in both children and adults and with lower risk of being overweight/obese in adults: An analysis of
NHANES 2003-2006. Experimental Biology 2011, Abstract #A302 783.3 ; 
http://submissions.miracd.com/Verify/EB2011/submission/temp/radE82AA.pdf. Accessed  March 29, 2011.

(2) U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  Dietary Guidelines for
Americans, 2010. 7th Edition,  Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office,  December 2010.

(3) Chun OK, Yang M, Wang Y, Davis CH, Lee-SG, Chung S-J, Lloyd B, (2011).  Contribution of orange juice
consumption to micronutrient adequacy in U.S. population. Experimental Biology 2011, Abstract #28.5 ; 
http://submissions.miracd.com/Verify/EB2011/submission/temp/rad323C8.pdf. Accessed  March 29, 2011.
 
(4) Chun OK, Yang M, Wang Y, Davis CH, Lee-SG, Chung S-J, Lloyd B, (2011).  Impact of orange juice on
macronutrient intake and body composition. Experimental Biology 2011, Abstract #28.6 ; 
http://submissions.miracd.com/Verify/EB2011/submission/temp/rad1B16D.pdf. Accessed  March 29, 2011.
 
(5) Hyson DA. 100% Fruit juice and human health: a critical review. Experimental Biology 2011, Abstract #A302
604.1;  http://submissions.miracd.com/Verify/EB2011/submission/temp/rad5E2CE.pdf, Accessed  March 29, 2011.

(6) Sebastian R, Enns CE, Goldman JD, Bowman SA, Moshfegh AJ. Youth beverage choices are associated with
compliance to recommendations for discretionary energy and added sugars: results from What We Eat In America
(WWEIA), NHANES 2007-2008. Experimental Biology 2011, Abstract #28.1;
http://submissions.miracd.com/Verify/EB2011/submission/temp/rad60351.pdf, Accessed  March 29, 2011.

(7) Moore C, Rosenblum JL, Kaplan LM. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation is associated with decreased
intra-abdominal fat mass. Experimental Biology 2011, Abstract #223.5;
http://submissions.miracd.com/Verify/EB2011/submission/temp/radE59FC.pdf. Accessed  March 29, 2011.

(8) Morand C, Milenkovic D, Chanet A, Deval C, Mazur A. Nutrigenomic effects of hesperidin, the major polyphenol
of orange, related to its cardiovascular protective effect. Experimental Biology 2011, Abstract #A27 582.9; 
http://submissions.miracd.com/Verify/EB2011/submission/temp/rad16EB3.pdf. Accessed  March 29, 2011.
 
(9) Rampersaud GC. A comparison of nutrient density scores for 100% fruit juices. Journal of Food Science.
2007;72(4):S261-S266.
 
SOURCE:  Florida Department of Citrus